Comprehensive Energy Data Intelligence
Information About Energy Companies, Their Assets, Market Deals, Industry Documents and More...
San Juan Basin Bankruptcies and Acquisitions - Southland Royalty Co.06/04/2020
San Juan Basin Bankruptcies and Acquisitions - Southland Royalty Co.
Sabina Kraushaar, Geologist at SMK Geoscience
It has been a wild ride with the price of oil dropping into uncharted territories at less than $0/barrel in April of this year. These are difficult times for any operator, many have already declared bankruptcy and others are barely hanging on. It is notoriously difficult to predict the price of oil, but one can only hope that things will recover so small operators can make money again. The silver lining is that there is a great opportunity right now for companies and investors who are lucky enough to have the capital to spend. Everything is on sale!
As an upstream consultant working in the San Juan Basin, I've been using Rextag Energy Datalink and local experience to quickly evaluate operators in the basin. With the recent wave of oil and gas company bankruptcies, let's take a look at a specific operator, Southland Royalty Co., headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas. Southland Royalty Co has received more than $1 billion in capital commitments from private-equity firm EnCap Investments and filed for bankruptcy in January of 2020, according to public court documents. In 2015, Southland Royalty acquired assets in the San Juan Basin of northwestern New Mexico from Energen for $395 million. Just last week, Southland Royalty sold its San Juan Basin assets to MorningStar for $17.3 million. This price is just a small fraction of the previous value of the assets.
While we cannot know exactly how MorningStar arrived at their bid price, I will go over the basics with an emphasis on the data needed to evaluate Southland Royalty's acreage in the San Juan Basin. This bankruptcy and sale are interesting because of Southland Royalty's extensive acreage position in a mature basin with potential geologic upside. The San Juan Basin is located in northwestern New Mexico and has historically been a major producer of coalbed methane from the Fruitland Formation (1980's - present). The operators with the highest recent production numbers in the San Juan Basin are Hilcorp Energy Company, BP (BP's San Juan assets were recently acquired by IKAV), Red Willow Production Company, followed by Southland Royalty, Logos Operating, Enduring Resources and DJR Operating (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Historical San Juan Basin Oil & Gas Production since 1993 from Rextag Energy DataLink.
In the past seven years, the oily Cretaceous Mancos formation has opened a slew of unconventional activity in this old gas basin (Figure 2). The Mancos formation is a ~1,000 feet thick black marine shale, with interbedded sandstones that have higher porosity (4% - 10%) than the organic-rich oil sourcing shales. These tight sandstones within the Mancos have become the target for unconventional horizontal drilling in the San Juan Basin. As shown in Figure 2, total oil production in the San Juan Basin was roughly 2.5 million barrels per year in 2012. Just 3 years later, as operators started drilling horizontal wells in the Mancos, cumulative oil production in the San Juan Basin breached 9 million barrels per year. With three stacked lateral targets within the Mancos (the Gallup, El Vado, and Mancos Silt), operators have drilled 7,000'+ horizontal wells with many successful results.
Figure 2. Cumulative oil production from all wells in the San Juan Basin by year from Rextag Energy Datalink. In 2013, oil production in the San Juan Basin began to rapidly increase as operators began drilling horizontal wells in the Mancos formation.
To evaluate Southland Royalty's acreage, fast and accurate production data and acreage maps are imperative (Figure 3). Southland Royalty operates about 1,085 wells in the San Juan Basin with average cumulative gas production of ~500,000 MCF/month in 2019. The production is mainly gas from the Fruitland and Dakota formations. Typically, an engineering team will give value to the current production, subtract value for plugging liabilities, and then it is the geologist's job to give value to open acreage with untapped geologic potential.
Figure 3. Southland Royalty Company's San Juan Basin acreage, cumulative and monthly production from Rextag Energy Datalink.
Putting a price on undrilled acreage with geologic upside is usually the factor that can vary the most when evaluating a prospect and can give a bidder the competitive advantage. The data necessary for this estimate includes well logs, geologic formation tops, structure and thickness maps, rock core to tie into petrophysical models, and local geologic expertise.
Southland Royalty's southern San Juan Basin acreage is out of the basin-center gas window and is a long trend of recently drilled Mancos horizontal oil wells (Figure 4). These wells are averaging almost 400 BBL/day of oil in the first month of production (Figure 4). In this case, a buyer will at least consider the potential Mancos oil geologic upside in the acquisition process, and then decide if they want to include upside in their bid.
Figure 4. Decline curves for San Juan Basin Mancos/Gallup oil wells spud in the past 7 years, with Southland Royalty Co acreage shown for reference from Rextag Energy DataLink.
Quantifying the value of an asset is difficult to do without an experienced team, local knowledge, and fast access to land, production, and well data. But now, more than ever, big public datasets are becoming easy to access and manipulate. Going forward in this competitive environment, big data will be key in making good business decisions, and in the next few months, there will be many other buying opportunities as distressed companies are forced to sell their assets. Happy bidding!
About Rextag Energy DataLink:
Energy DataLink is an innovative solution that provides aggregated, organized, structural and non-structural information needed by professionals across all sectors of the energy supply chain. By interconnecting data sources and providing multi-level data filters, Energy DataLink provides industry-leading energy data via a simple, online interface.
Click HERE to download PDF and MSExcel reports related to this article.
About the Author:
Sabina Kraushaar is a geologist at SMK Geoscience consulting services. SMK Geoscience offers high quality geologic and geotechnical services to the upstream oil and gas industry and is experienced working in the Four Corners and Rockies areas of New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona Wyoming, and Nevada. SMK Geoscience provides prospect generation and evaluation, database management, well-log correlation, mapping, and petrophysical modeling.
Sabina Kraushaar can be reached HERE.
As demands for water management solutions increase, service companies are looking for new ways to optimize their ability to recycle and store this water.
As you know the US Oil Rig Count has dropped by over 20% from January to December 2019. In Texas we saw oil rigs count dropping over 30% in that same time frame.
Shareholder’s payout target was increased by 50% after the largest U.S. independent oil producer surpassed Wall Street’s earnings estimates on growing energy prices, said Houston-based Conoco Phillips Co. on Aug. 4. Due to Western sanctions on major producer Russia throttling energy supply amid a rebound in demand from pandemic lows, oil and gas #prices have soared. Crude has been trading more than 25% higher since the start of the year and results also benefited from high natural gas prices. Meanwhile, shares were down a fraction, to $91.03, in early trading but are up about 26% year to date. Conoco Phillips stated, that the average price obtained for a barrel of oil and gas accelerated 77% from a year earlier to $88.57. The company acknowledges that it has not hedged any of its oil and gas sales to make the most of higher market prices. The capacity of 1.69 million boe/d was in line with Wall Street estimates, however, the company expected the current quarter’s output would be between 1.71 million and 1.76 million boe/d.
California oil joint venture, Aera Energy, of Exxon Mobil Corp. and ShellPlc is being sold to German asset manager IKAV, according to the agreement of Sept. 1. Shell noted that the sale of its 51.8% membership interest in Aera Energy is for a total consideration of about $2 billion in cash with additional contingent payments based on future oil prices, subject to regulatory approval. However, the total transaction value was not disclosed. Being one of California’s largest oil and gas producers, Aera Energy accounts for nearly 25% of the state’s production. The sale by Exxon Mobil and Shell ends a 25-year-long partnership in California, meanwhile, it persists a streak of divestments of mature oil and gas properties by the two supermajors. Aera Energy LLC operates about 13,000 wells in the San Joaquin Valley in California, producing oil and associated gas. In 2021, Aera took out about 95,000 boe/d. Exxon Mobil’s interests in the Aera oil-production operation in California contained a 48.2% share of Aera Energy LLC and a 50% share of Aera Energy Services Co. held by Mobil California Exploration & Producing Co. Moreover, Exxon Mobil affiliates have signed a separate agreement for the sale of an associated loading facility and pipeline system. The sale effectively ends Shell’s upstream position in California. The company reported that the divestiture is valued to result in a post-tax impairment of $300 million to $400 million, subject to adjustments.
The completion of the merger between Centennial Resource Development Inc. and Colgate Energy Partners II LLC happened on Sept. 1, sealing the debut of Permian Resources Corp., which is considered the largest pure-play E&P company in the Delaware Basin. Permian Resources’ idea was to combine two successful E&P companies, creating a better, stronger, and more strategically compelling company. Centennial and Colgate announced an agreement to merge in May, denying rumors that Colgate, a privately held independent Midland-based company, had been seeking an IPO. The merger estimated Colgate at about $3.9 billion and consists of 269.3 million shares of Centennial stock, $525 million of cash, and the assumption of approximately $1.4 billion of Colgate’s outstanding net debt. Permian Resources, being the combined company, has a deep inventory of “high-quality” drilling locations on around 180,000 net acres the companies anticipate will provide more than $1 billion of free cash flow in 2023 at current strip prices, in accordance with the company release on Sept. 1.