Comprehensive Energy Data Intelligence

Information About Energy Companies, Their Assets, Market Deals, Industry Documents and More...


Global oil supply and demand saw notable changes in April 2023. Liquids demand declined by 0.7 MMb/d to 99.9 MMb/d, with gains in China and Europe offset by reduced demand in Japan and the Middle East. 

OPEC 10 production remained stable at 29.5 MMb/d, while Saudi Arabia increased output by 0.3 MMb/d. Non-OPEC production declined slightly, Russian production dropped further, and US shale production remained steady. Combined production in Iran, Venezuela, and Libya remained unchanged. Commercial inventories increased, and OPEC+ implemented production cuts. Economic sentiment remains uncertain amid rising global inflation.

This article provides an in-depth overview of the prevailing trends in global oil supply and demand, shedding light on crucial developments and their potential impact on the industry as a whole.

BP Forecasts Significant Decline in Oil and Gas Importance by 2050

BP, a big energy company, expects that oil and gas will become much less important in the world's energy mix by 2050. Instead, clean alternatives like wind and solar power will become more popular. According to BP's latest report, fossil fuels will drop from making up 80% of primary energy in 2019 to between 55% and 20% by 2050. Meanwhile, renewables will increase from 10% to between 35% and 65% during the same period.

This fundamental restructuring of global energy markets is driven by three things:

  1. Sustainability: There is a growing emphasis on addressing global warming due to the rise in extreme weather events, which is leading to increased demand from citizens and customers for action.
  2. Security: Countries worldwide are now more determined to enhance their energy security in response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
  3. Affordability: There is a continuous endeavor to maintain stable energy prices for consumers.

BP referred to these three factors as the "energy trilemma." Spencer Dale, BP's chief economist, emphasized the urgency of transitioning to a net-zero future in light of rising carbon emissions and the increasing frequency of extreme weather events. The report stated that the various outcomes presented represent different potential pathways for the energy transition. However, in all three scenarios, the adoption of renewables into the global energy system is projected to be faster than any other fuel in history.

What about Renewables?

The decreasing cost of renewable energy can be attributed to the expansion of these technologies and the inclusion of financial incentives in government policies. BP forecasts that global oil demand will reach a plateau in the next decade before declining. This decline will primarily be driven by the transportation sector, which is becoming more efficient and transitioning towards electric power instead of relying on oil, despite overall demand increasing in emerging economies. 

Energy Transition seems to be this way: 

  • The future of natural gas hinges on the pace of global decarbonization and economic growth in emerging economies, according to the report.
  • These two forces, decarbonization and economic growth, often have conflicting effects on the natural gas industry.
  • Scaling up carbon capture technology, wind and solar facilities, batteries, hydrogen, CO2 pipelines, and energy storage capacities is necessary to meet evolving global energy demands.
  • The increased deployment of these technologies will drive up the demand for minerals such as lithium, copper, and nickel.

The conflict in Ukraine is causing countries to reconsider their reliance on energy imports and explore opportunities for domestic energy generation. 

How the Energy Transition Will Reshape Oil Markets

The future of the oil market, the world's most significant commodity market, will be shaped by the direction, timing, and progress of the energy transition. Recent events, such as the Ukraine crisis, have heightened concerns about energy security and emphasized the need for a well-planned transition. However, climate experts caution that a slow transition is not viable if we want to avert a climate catastrophe. 

The recent release of the UN climate science "synthesis" report underscores the urgency of meeting the objectives of the Paris Agreement, which aims to limit global warming to well below 2°C. While effective policies to achieve these goals are yet to be implemented in major countries and globally, it is crucial to examine how meeting the Paris goals would impact future oil demand and supply, oil flows, benchmarks, prices, and the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

Oil Consumption Targets to Meet Paris Agreement Goals:

  • According to the International Institute for Sustainable Development, global oil consumption would need to decrease by at least 15% by 2030 and a significant 65% by 2050 to align with the Paris Agreement objectives.

Projected Oil Demand in the Paris-Compatible Scenario:

  • The International Energy Agency (IEA) envisions a decline in oil demand by 6% annually in its Net-Zero Emissions (NZE) Paris-compatible scenario.
  • Current global oil demand, which stands at approximately 100 million barrels per day, is expected to reduce to 75 million barrels per day by 2030, as per the IEA's NZE scenario.

Factors Impacting Oil Demand:

  • The growing adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) and increased plastic recycling will contribute significantly to the decline in oil demand.
  • As the monopoly of oil in the transportation sector diminishes, the demand for oil will become more elastic. Higher oil prices will lead to decreased demand and expedite the transition to EVs.

Shifting Oil Flows:

  • In the IEA's NZE scenario, OPEC's share of global oil production is projected to increase from 35% in 2021 to over 50% in 2050.
  • The United States, Guyana, and Brazil are expected to contribute to the majority of the remaining oil supply.
  • US tight oil production, enabled by fracking technology, is likely to remain resilient due to its lower risk of stranded assets amid declining demand. This resilience could result in US production surpassing that of Saudi Arabia by a significant margin.

Price Squeeze
Increasing price elasticity of oil demand and declining demand are putting pressure on oil prices, forcing high-cost producers out of the market. Russia, viewed as an unreliable supplier in Europe, has shifted its focus to the East, directly competing with Opec in a crucial growth market. This tension is likely to result in the collapse of the Opec-plus alliance. Meanwhile, Opec itself will emerge stronger but in a smaller market that is more sensitive to prices.

Investment in new conventional oil is already decreasing as it is a risky and potentially stranded asset that takes up to 20 years to reach production. Many oil companies are choosing to distribute dividends to shareholders instead. These economic factors are driving up short-term prices and expediting the transition to cheaper and cleaner energy alternatives.

The growth in demand and new refining capacity is primarily occurring in the East of Suez region. These new refineries, often accompanied by petrochemical units, aim to safeguard against the anticipated decline in demand. While they may temporarily alleviate the spike in demand in Western markets, their long-term viability remains uncertain given the expected decrease in demand.

New Benchmarks?
The pricing power for oil is shifting towards the Middle East and Asia-Pacific regions, as evidenced by futures contracts for Oman, Murban, and a basket of crudes into China. However, this transition is not expected to occur soon due to various factors.

The Chinese Yuan-denominated contract on the Shanghai International Exchange (INE) is tied to a regulated economy dominated by state-owned firms, limiting its global influence. Middle East exchanges have support from the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) and ICE, but their contracts are fragmented. It would be beneficial to incorporate different crudes from the region into a single contract, enhancing market liquidity and depth.

Despite these developments, the dominant roles of WTI and Brent are unlikely to be seriously challenged. The US will continue to dominate global markets in terms of production and exports for the foreseeable future. Brent, the primary global benchmark, will even include WTI as a deliverable grade starting in June 2023. The significant volume of US-exported oil and fewer restrictions will strengthen the Brent contract and further align the two benchmarks.

Focus on Carbon

The European Commission plans to introduce charges on high carbon imports through the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM), initially targeting select commodities and potentially extending to fossil fuels. This will have implications for the global oil trade, as the carbon content of exchanged goods and services becomes crucial.

Different types of crude oil carry varying carbon intensities (CI) based on their production methods. Crude oils with higher CI will face a discounted price in the market due to their greater environmental impact. For instance, heavy and high-sulfur Arab Heavy crude, with a lower CI, should trade at a premium compared to lighter and lower sulfur Iraqi Kirkuk crude. These premiums will fluctuate with changes in carbon pricing and increase over time as governments impose stricter carbon emission regulations.

While these ideas require further development, particularly in terms of independent emission verification, they indicate the direction for the oil market to adapt to new environmental realities and combat the climate emergency.

Opec: What is it and what is happening to oil prices?

Major oil-exporting countries, including Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and several Gulf states, have announced production cuts, leading to a significant increase in crude prices. These countries, along with Russia as part of the OPEC+ group, are reducing supplies by a total of one million barrels of oil per day. OPEC+ is a group consisting of 23 oil-exporting nations that regularly meet to determine global crude oil sales.

OPEC, formed in 1960, is the core of this group and comprises 13 mainly Middle Eastern and African countries. Initially established as a cartel to control oil supply and prices worldwide, OPEC currently produces approximately 30% of the world's crude oil. Saudi Arabia, the largest producer within OPEC, alone produces over 10 million barrels per day.

In 2016, OPEC collaborated with 10 other oil-producing countries, including Russia, to form OPEC+. Together, these nations account for around 40% of global crude oil production. OPEC+ adjusts supply and demand to maintain market balance, keeping prices high by reducing supplies during periods of low oil demand. Conversely, they can lower prices by increasing oil supply to the market.

Why is Opec+ cutting oil output?

OPEC+ recently implemented a production cut of 1.16 million barrels per day, which followed a previous cut of two million barrels per day in October 2022. This unexpected decision resulted in an immediate 5% increase in the international oil price. The move by OPEC+ may be a preemptive response to a perceived decrease in global oil demand. 

In 2020, OPEC+ reduced production by over nine million barrels per day due to the pandemic, which caused oil prices to plummet. While prices temporarily soared after Russia's invasion of Ukraine, they have since dropped to 15-month lows of just above $70 per barrel. The rising oil prices are likely to contribute to higher petrol prices globally, including in the UK, adding to the cost of living pressures. 

The US has criticized OPEC+'s latest action as "inadvisable."

Global oil demand and prices

U.S. Energy Information Administration predicted that this demand growth will bring the global oil market into equilibrium between the third quarter of 2023 (3Q23) and the first quarter of 2024 (1Q24), resulting in the Brent price returning to a range between $75/b and $80/b.

The average Brent crude oil spot price experienced a decline from $85 per barrel (b) in April 2023 to a closing price of $73/b on May 4, 2023. In April, OPEC and its partner countries (OPEC+) announced a reduction in crude oil production by 1.2 million barrels per day (b/d) until the end of 2023. This move initially raised crude oil prices due to expectations of tightening oil supplies. 

Concerns over weakening global economic conditions, perceived risks in the global banking sector, and persistent inflation have outweighed the initial price increase, leading to a decrease in oil prices.

While the demand growth for liquid fuels faces potential risks until the end of 2024, we anticipate that the seasonal increase in oil consumption coupled with a decline in OPEC crude oil production will exert upward pressure on crude oil prices in the coming months.

 According to EIA forecast, global liquid fuels consumption is projected to rise by 1.6 million b/d in 2023 and by 1.7 million b/d in 2024. The majority of this expected demand growth will occur in non-OECD Asia, primarily led by China and India. 

Global oil supply
In the U.S. Energy Information Administration forecast, global liquid fuels production is expected: 

  • To increase by 1.5 million b/d in 2023 compared to 2022, primarily driven by non-OPEC producers. 
  • Excluding Russia, which is forecasted to experience a decline of 0.3 million b/d in 2023, non-OPEC liquid fuels production is projected to grow by 2.2 million b/d in 2023 and an additional 1.1 million b/d in 2024. 
  • Russia's crude oil and other liquid fuels production is expected to decrease from 10.9 million b/d in 2022 to 10.6 million b/d in 2023 and 10.5 million b/d in 2024. 


The decline in production in March and April was influenced by announced production cuts and refinery maintenance, which we anticipate to end in June. As refinery operations return to near-normal levels, Russia's liquid fuels production is expected to increase slightly from 10.4 million b/d in the second quarter of 2023 to 10.5 million b/d throughout 2024. 

Total OPEC crude oil output is forecasted to decrease by 0.3 million b/d in 2023, largely due to the production cuts announced by OPEC+ on April 3. Additionally, recent disruptions to crude oil exports in Iraq and a force majeure impacting crude oil exports in Nigeria have further reduced our near-term OPEC forecast for 2023. However, we anticipate a 0.6 million b/d increase in total OPEC liquid fuels production in 2024 as the current OPEC+ production cuts are phased out.


Global oil demand could hit record high as China reopens

Global oil demand is set to reach its highest level ever this year, largely fueled by China's rapid economic recovery. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), oil demand could surge by 1.9 million barrels per day, reaching a record 101.7 million barrels per day. The IEA expects China to be the main driver of this growth, despite uncertainties surrounding the speed and shape of its reopening.

China's easing of its zero-Covid policy has resulted in a rebound in travel, trade, and business activity, stimulating demand in the world's second-largest economy. The resurgence in Chinese demand, coupled with Western sanctions on Russian oil, could tighten the global oil market. Russia's oil exports already experienced a decline of 200,000 barrels per day in December due to the European Union's import ban and price caps imposed by G7 nations.

While the outlook for oil prices remains uncertain, the IEA notes that global oil inventories are currently at their highest levels since October 2021, despite the anticipated supply decrease from Russia. Additionally, efforts to promote electric vehicles and enhance energy efficiency may help moderate oil demand, particularly in a market constrained by supply.


Mood shift?

Cautious optimism is growing among business leaders who believe that the world can avoid a recession in 2023. This positive outlook is largely attributed to China, as its reopening is expected to bring a surge in spending that can help offset economic weaknesses in the United States and Europe. 

The International Monetary Fund recently warned that about one-third of the global economy could enter a recession this year, characterized by a decline in growth for two or more consecutive quarters. 

In response to the anticipated decrease in demand, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and its allies began reducing their oil production by 2 million barrels per day in November. This policy is set to continue throughout 2023, as they anticipate a drop in demand.

To be continued…

Global crude supplies are projected to exceed demand in the coming years, even with the production cuts implemented by OPEC and its partners. The US Energy Information Administration's Short-Term Energy Outlook indicates that supply is expected to surpass demand by approximately 530,000 barrels per day in 2024. 

While oil prices initially surged following OPEC's supply cut announcement, concerns remain about China's slow demand growth and ongoing economic uncertainty. Furthermore, diesel demand is anticipated to decline this year, reflecting a shift in consumer spending habits toward services rather than manufacturing. These factors may indicate a potential economic slowdown.

If you are looking for more information about energy companies, their assets, and energy deals, please, contact our sales office, Tel. 619-349-4970 or SCHEDULE A DEMO to learn how Rextag can help you leverage energy data for your business.


US Midstream Research 2022 Overview: TOP Providers, Their Assets and Stories


The midstream sector plays a vital role in the oil and gas supply chain, serving as a crucial link. As the energy transition continues, this industry, like the broader sector, encounters various risks. Yet, existing analyses have predominantly concentrated on the risks faced by the upstream and downstream sectors, leaving the fate of the midstream relatively unexplored. In a nutshell, midstream operators differentiate themselves by offering services instead of products, resulting in potentially distinct revenue models compared to extraction and refining businesses. However, they are not immune to the long-term risks associated with the energy transition away from oil and gas. Over time, companies involved in transporting and storing hydrocarbons face the possibility of encountering a combination of reduced volumes, heightened costs, and declining prices.

Breaking Barriers FireBird II, Empowered by Quantum Technology, Surpasses $500MM Funding Milestone for Permian Ventures


Following the success of FireBird Energy's $1.75 billion sale to Diamondback last year, the emergence of FireBird II signals a new chapter in the Permian Basin. Get ready for some exciting news from the energy industry. FireBird Energy II, the new player in the Permian Basin, has just secured $500 million in equity funding to fuel their acquisitions. With backing from the esteemed private equity firm Quantum Energy Partners, FireBird Energy II is poised to make waves in the industry.


Rangeland Energy has agreed to sell Rangeland Midstream Canada to Kingston Midstream Alberta and remains committed to future Canadian midstream investments. Texas-based Rangeland Energy, supported by financial partner EnCap Flatrock Midstream, has inked a deal to sell its Canadian subsidiary, Rangeland Midstream Canada Ltd., to Calgary's Kingston Midstream Alberta Ltd. for cash.


The merger between ONEOK and Magellan received approval from Magellan shareholders, securing just 55% of the total votes at Magellan’s meeting on Sept. 21. ONEOK Inc. has successfully concluded the acquisition of Magellan Midstream Partners LP on Sept. 25. The deal will bring together their respective assets and expertise, resulting in a powerful entity boasting an extensive network of approximately 25,000 miles of pipelines primarily focused on transporting liquids.


Viper Energy's deal, comprised of cash and equity, secures an additional 2,800 net royalty acres in the Midland Basin and 1,800 in the Delaware Basin. Viper Energy Partners LP, a Diamondback Energy Inc. subsidiary, has inked a deal to acquire mineral and royalty interests in the Permian Basin. The deal, valued at around $1 billion, is with Warwick Capital Partners and GRP Energy Capital. Viper was established by Diamondback with the purpose of owning, purchasing, and capitalizing on oil and natural gas assets in North America, specifically targeting mineral and royalty interests.

2022 oil production 2023 2024 3D Earth Science Analytics 3D Modeling Continental Resources 3D modeling 3D modeling CGG 3D modeling ESA 3D visualization 3D visualization CGG A&D A&D deals A&D sector A&Ds in the Gulf of Mexico AAII ANR Pipelines Abraxas Petroleum Acquisition Acquisitions Admiral Permian Resources Advance Energy Advance Energy Partners Holdings LLC Aera Energy Aethon Energy Alaska Pipeline System Alberta Alberta pipeline Algeria Align Midstream LLC AltaGas Alternative Fuels Ameredev II Anadarko Basin Analysis Analytics And Rockcliff Energy Andrews Antero Midstream Antero Midstream Corp. Antero Resources Antitrust Appalachia to Market and Middlesex Extension project Appalachian Appalachian Basin Appalachian basin ArcLight Capital Partners ArcLight Capital Partners LLC Archaea Energy Inc. Arena Energy LLC Arrow Midstream Artesia Natural Gas Gathering and Processing System Asia Assets Acquisition Assets Revenue Assets Sale Assets Value Athabasca Oil Atlantic Coast Pipeline Aviation emissions BHP Billiton BOED BP BP Plc BPX Energy Baker Hughes Bakken Bakken Formation Bakken Shale Bakken shale Bankruptcy Barnett Shale Bay du Nord Baytex Energy Berkshire Hathaway Biodiesel Bison Midstream Black Bear Transmission Blackstone Energy Partners Blackstone Inc. Blockchain Bloomberg Brazil Brazos Valley Brent BridgeTex Broom Creek Formation Buyout Firms CBAM CCS CDM Resource CGG CO2 CO2 reduction CVX Cactus II Pipeline Callon Callon Petroleum Canada Carbon Capture Carbon Footprints Carbon capture and storage Cardinal Midstream Partners Careers in O&G Carl Icahn Carnelian Energy Cenovus Centennial Resource Centennial Resource Development Centennial Resource Development Inc. Charlson Gathering System Cheniere Energy Cheniere Marketing Chesapeake Energy Chesapeake Energy Corp. Chesapeake Energy Corporation Chevron Chevron Corp. China China Gas Holding LTD. Chord Energy Cibolo Energy Partners Civitas Clay basin Clean Energy Climate Change Coal Colgate Energy Colgate Energy Partners Colgate Energy Partners II LLC Colgate Energy Partners III Colonial Enterprises Colonial Pipeline Colorado Columbia Columbia Gas pipeline Columbia Gulf pipeline Comisión Federal de Electricidad Comprehensive Analysis Comstock Resources Concho Valley Solar Congo ConocoPhillips ConocoPhillips Co. Consolidated Edison Continental Resources Continental Resources Inc. Corpus Christi Costa Azul Coterra Energy Inc. Cove Point Cove Point LNG Cox Operating LLC Credit Suisse Group Crescent Energy Crescent Point Energy Corp. Crestwood Crestwood Equity Crestwood Equity Partners Crestwood Equity Partners LP Crestwood Midstream Crestwood Permian Basin Holdings LLC Crowheart Energy Crude Oil Crude Prices Crude oil D-J Basin DCP DCP Midstream DJ Basin DUCs on the Rise Dakota Access Pipeline Data Dawson Debt Restructuration Decarbonization Technology Decarbonized Fuel Delaware Delaware Basin Delaware basin DelawareBasin Denbury Denver Denver Julesburg Denver-Julesburg Basin Devon Energy Diamondback Diamondback Energy Diamondback Energy Inc. Dimsdale Gas Dividends Dominion Energy Dominion Energy Questar Pipeline Double E Pipeline DoublePoint Energy DowJones Downstream Market Driftwood Energy Operating LLC Driftwood Pipeline LLC Drilling Drilling Inventory E&P EIA EIEC EIG EP Energy EQT ESG ESG performance ESG score ESGcriteria ESGinvestment ESGstandarts Eagle Ford Eagle Ford M&As Eagle Ford Shale Earth Science Analytics Earthstone Earthstone Energy Earthstone Energy Inc. East Texas Eastern Energy Gas Ector Eddy County El Paso Natural Gas Pipeline Elba Liquefaction Emissions EnCap EnCap Flatrock EnCap Flatrock Midstream EnCap Investments EnLink Midstream EnVen Energy Corp. Enable Midstream Enbridge Enbridge Energy Enbridge Inc Enbridge Pipeline Encap Flatrock Midstream Endeavor Gathering Energy Energy Assets Energy Crisis Energy Gas Energy Information Administration Energy Infrastructure Energy Leaders Energy M&A deals 2022 Energy M&As Energy Prices Energy Production Energy Projects Energy Security Energy Transfer Energy Transfer Canada Energy Transfer LP Energy Transport Solutions Energy security Enerplus Ensign Natural Resources Enterprise Enterprise Product Operating LLC Enterprise Products Enterprise Products Partners Environmental Protection Agency Epic Crude Pipeline Equinor Equinor Energy Ireland Equitrans Midstream Corp. Equity Investments Ethanol Conversion Europe Evolution Petroleum Exaro Energy III Exok Exploration Export Exxon Mobil Exxon Mobil Corp. ExxonMobil Fayetteville Shale FireBird Energy FireBird Energy LLC Florida Gas Transmission Flowing Gas Forecast Forge Energy Fort McMurray FortunaResources G&P GHG GIP GIS GIS NG data GIS U.S. GIS U.S. NG Data GIS U.S. NG data GIS U.S. data Gas Gas Extraction Gas Flaring Gas Holdings Gas Processing Plants Gas Production Gas Rates Gas processing Gathering Gathering and Processing Gathering and Transportation Network Gemini Carthage Genesis Energy Glencore Global Emissions Global Infrastructure Partners Goldman Sachs Goodrich Grand Prix NGL Pipeline Gray Oak Pipeline Gray Oak pipeline Great River Hydro LLC Great Western Petroleum Greater Green River Green River Basin Greenhouse Gas Emissions Gulf Coast Gulf Coast Pipeline System Gulf Oil Corporation Gulf Run Pipeline map Gulf of Mexico Guyana HartEnergy Harvest Midstream Haynesville Haynesville Basin Haynesville Shale Heavy crude Hess Hess Midstream Hibernia Energy Hilcorp Energy Horizontal Well Houston Humble Midstream Hydraulically Stimulated Resources Hydro-Québec Hydrocarbon Exploration Hydrocarbon Reservoirs Hydrogen IEA IKAV INEOS Energy IPO Import Inc. India Inergy Inergy Midstream Infrastructure Inter Pipeline International Energy Agency Iran Ironwood Midstream JUSTCapital Japan Joint Venture Jonah Field Jordan Cove KAPS KKR KKR&Co. Karnes Trough Kaybob Duvernay Key Access Pipeline System Key statistics Keyera Corp Keystone XL Pipeline Kimbell Kimbell Royalty Kimbell Royalty Partners Kinder Morgan Kinder Morgan Inc. Kingston Midstream Alberta Kirkuk oil Komipo America LEG project LNG LNG Delivery LNG Demand LNG Terminals LNG delivery LNG exports LNG plant LNG provider LNG-by-rail LP LaBarge Labrador Lake Charles Project Laredo Petroleum Lario Permian Lario Permian LLC Lea County Leasehold Properties Leucrotta Exploration Libya Lime Rock Resources Line 3 Pipeline Line 3 project Liquefaction Plant Liquefied Natural Gas Liquefied natural gas Liquids and Natural Gas Pipelines Lone Star Express Pipeline LongHorn Lotus Midstream Louisiana Lucid Energy Group M&A M&As MLP MLPs MMP MPLX MPLX LP Magellan Magellan Midstream Magellan Midstream Partners Mainline Pipeline System Mancos Shale Marathon Marathon Oil Marathon Oil Corp. Marathon Oil Corporation Marathon Petroleum Marcellus Marcellus Shale Marcellus region Mariner East Project Mariner east expansion Market Acquisition Of Vine Energy Inc. Market Analysis Marten Hills Pipeline Martin Maryland Mascot Project Matador Matador Resources Matador Resources Co Matagorda Medallion Midstream Services Medallion Pipeline Merge Merger Merit SI Meritage Midstream Mesa Minerals Partners Mesquite Energy Methane Emissions Mewbourne Oil Co. Mexico MiQ Mica Midcoast Energy LLC Midcontinent Middle East Midland Midland Basin Midland-Petro D.C. Partners LLC MidlandBasin Midstream Midstream M&As Midstream NG gathering pipelines Midwest Mississippi Momentum Midstream LLC Monopoly Mont Belvieu Montana Montney Shale Motiva Enterprises Mountain Valley MountainWest Pipeline Mountrail Gathering System Murphy Murphy Oil NG Pipeline Maps NG U.S. midstream data NG data NG data U.S. NG gathering pipeline systems NG pipeline maps NG3 NGL NGL Energy Partners NGL export NGL logistics NGL pipelines NGL production NGLs NGO NGP NLG NOG NTX pipeline NZE Natural Gas Natural Gas Assets Natural Gas Certification Natural Gas Equivalent Natural Gas Gathering Natural Gas Infrastructure Natural Gas Liquids Infrastructure Natural Gas Prices Natural Gas Production Natural Gas Products Natural gas pipelines Natural gas production Navitas Midstream Net Acres Net-zero Production New Fortress New Jersey New Mexico Newco Newfoundland Noble Energy Noble Midstream Partners LP Non-Operated Assets North America North Dakota North Texas Barnett North-East Northern Delaware Basin Northern Natural Gas Northern Oil and Gas Northern Oil and Gas Inc. Northwoods Nuevo Midstream O&G O&G Production O&G output records O&G production O&G production forecasting OKE OMOG ONEOK ONEOK Bakken OPEC OPEC+ Oasis Midstream Oasis Midstream Partners Oasis Petroleum Oasis Petroleum Inc. Offshore Oil Oil & Gas Oil Equivalent Oil Prices Oil Sanctions Oil and Gas Oil and Gas Production Oil and Gas Properties Oil and Gas production Oil and Gas rigs Oil and gas production Oil companies Oil&Gas Oklahoma Omega Acquisition Inc. OneRock OneRock Energy Onshore Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan Operated Wells Orphan Basin Oryx Outrigger DJ Outrigger DJ midstream Ovintiv Oxy PAM PDC Energy PDCE PHMSA Pad Activity Monitor Paradigm Paradigm Midstream Paradox Basin Paramount Resources Ltd. Pearl Energy Investments Pecos Pecos Oil & Gas Pecos Oil & Gas LLC Pecos River processing plant Pembina Pembina Pipeline Corp. Penn Virginia PennEast Pipeline PennEnergy Resources LLC PennTex Midstream Pennsylvania Percussion Petroleum Permian Permian Basin Permian Basin 2022 Permian Deep Rock Oil Co. Permian Producers Permian Resource Corp. Permian Resources Permian Resources Corp. Permian acreage sale Permian basin PermianBasin PermianResources Petro-Hunt Petrochemical production Petroleum Petroleum Production Phillips 66 Piceance Pickering Energy PickeringEnergy Pine Wave Energy Partners Pinnacle Midstream Pioneer Natural Resources Pipeline Pipeline Maps Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipelines Pipelines and Refineries Pipestone Condensate Pipestone Phase Placid Montney Plains Plains All American Powder River Powder River Basin Powder River basin Power Generation Power Plant Fuel Power River basin Prairie Operating Processing plants Production Production Forecast Propane PureWest Quantum Energy Partners Quantum Technology Questar Pipeline RNG RSG Rangeland Energy Rangeland Midstream Canada Ranger Oil Rattler Midstream Reagan county Red Trail Energy RedBird Capital Partners Reduction of Greenhouse Emissions Reeves Reeves County Renewable Renewable Diesel Renewable Energy Group Repsol Research Responsibly Sourced Gas Reuters Rextag Ridgemar Energy Riley Exploration Riley Exploration Permian Inc. RimRock Ring Energy Inc. RiverBasin Riverstone Rockcliff Energy Rockies Express Pipeline Rocky Mountain Rocky Mountains Rocky mountain Rover pipeline Russia SAF SHLX SM Energy SPA Sabine Pass LNG LP San Andres formation San Mateo Sanchez Energy SandRidge Saudi Arabia Schneider Digital SemGroup Sempra Energy Sendero Midstream Sequestration Shale Shale Field Shale Formation Shale Gas Shale Industry Shale Oil Producer Shareholder Returns Shares Shell Shell Midstream Partners Shell Oil Company Shell Plc. Shell UAS Sierra Grande Silver Hill Energy Partners III Sinochem Group Skye MS Sour crude South Carlsbad Natural Gas Gathering System South Haynesville Basin Southcross Energy Southeast Gateway Southern Access expansion Southern Lights Pipeline Southern Union Southwest Gas Southwest Gas Holdings Southwestern Energy Spain Spraberry Formation Stagecoach Gas Standard Oil of New Jersey Standing Rock Indian Reservation Steel Reef Infrastructure Corp. Sterling DJ Sterling DJ system Stock Market Stonepeak Partners LP Stonepeak Partners. Storage Strategic Petroleum Reserve Strategic Resources Stronghold Energy Sumitomo Summit Midstream Summit Midstream Holdings Summit Midstream Partners Summit Midstream Partners LP Summit’s Lane System Sunoco Sunrise Oil Sands TAPS TC Energy TC Energy Corp. TC PipeLines LP TG Natural Resources THQ Appalachia TRP Tailwater Capital Takeaway Tallgrass Energy Talos Energy Inc. TalosEnergy Tap Rock Resources Targa Resources Targa Resources Corp. Tesoro High Plains Pipeline Tesoro Logistics Texas Texas Gas Transmission Texon Oil and Land Company The Appalachian Basin The Denver-Julesburg Basin The Permian Basin The United States Tidewater Midstream Titus Oil & Gas Production LLC Tivoli Tivoli Midstream Tivoli Services Tokyo Gas Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd. TokyoGas TotalEnergies Trace Midstream TransCanada Transport Permit Transportation Infrastructure Trends Tres Palacios Truist Securities Tug Hill Tug Hill Operating U.S. U.S. Gulf Coast U.S. LNG exports U.S. NG data U.S. NG midstream data U.S. NG upstream U.S. NG upstream data U.S. crude exports U.S. crude oil data U.S. energy U.S. energy M&A U.S. energy data U.S. energy industry U.S. energy maps U.S. hydrogen production U.S. midstream data U.S. refineries U.S. shale gas assets U.S. upstream data US US NG US gas US oil USA USA Compression Partners USgas USoil Uinta Uinta Basin Ukraine United States Upstream Upstream M&As Upstream companies Upton county Utah Utilization Van Hook Gathering System Venezuela Vermilion Energy Vermont Business Magazine HQI US Holding LLC Viper Energy Viper Energy Partners Vista Pacifico Vital Energy Vital Energy Inc. WCS WTI Waha Hub Wamsutter Field War Warburg Pincus Ward Warren Buffett Water Management Water management Webinar Webster Pipeline Well maps Wells West Texas Western Canada Select Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin Western Midstream Western Midstream Partners White House WhiteHawk WhiteHawk Energy Whiting Whiting Petroleum Wholesale WildFire Energy I LLC William Companies Williams Williams Companies Williston Williston Basin Willston basin Wolfcamp Formation Woodford Express Woodland Midstream II Wyoming XTO Energy XcL Midstream Zacks Consensus Zephyr Energy Acquisition Acquisitions Acreage Acreage maps Acreage sale Acreage sales Acreage valuation Acres Analytics And Phillips 66 Partners And Rockcliff Energy Asset renewal Asset sale Assets merger Atural gas gathering Aviation Aviation fuel Barrel Barrels Bbl Bioenergy Bioethanol Carbon capture and storage Carbon capture storage (CCS) Carbon emissions Carbon footprint Carbon-free Cash Crude Crude export terminals Crude exports to Europe Crude oil Crude oil and natural gas output Crude oil delivery Crude oil production Deal Divestitures Divestment Drilling activity Drilling permits Dry gas Ecology Efficiency Electrification Emission reduction Emissions Emissions reduction Energy Energy M&A Energy acquisitions Energy deals Energy infrastructure Energy maps Energy market Energy provider Energy services Energy supplies Energy transfer Environment Expansion Exploration Exploration & production Financial results Flaring gas Forecast Fuel Fuel transportation Gas Gas prices Gas projects Gathering systems Geologic CO2 storage Global energy system Green energy Greenhouse gas Greenhouse-gas emissions Growth Horizontal drilling Hydraulic fracturing (fracking) technology Hydrogen pipeline maps Industry Investment Liquefied natural gas Liquified natural gas Low emissions Low-carbon fuel Management Map of pipelines Master limited partnership Merger Merger and acquisition Mergers Midstream Midstream footprint Midstream infrastructure Natural gas Natural gas gathering and processing Natural gas maps Natural gas pipelines Natural gas producer Natural gas production Offshore oil and gas Oil Oil & gas Oil and energy Oil and natural gas assets Oil demand Oil market Oil output Oil prices Oil producers Oil rigs Oil supply Onshore Partnership Petroleum Petroleum infrastructure Pipeline Pipeline maps Processing plants Produced water Rating Rebranding Refinery Renewable energy Renewable energy sources Renewable natural gas Report Simulation Smart contract Smart contracts Software Standards Stock Subsurface CO2 sequestration Subsurface characterization Surface Sustainability The James Lake System The Permian Basin Transaction Transactions Undrilled locations Upstream Upstream production Water management Well maps Well redevelopment Wells Wet gas Wind energy